Activity Report (1995) Part 2 - I. Increasing Mutual Understanding and Tolerance for Diversity


International Hospice Institute, Flinders University of South Australia (Australia)
Intellectual Exchange in the Field of Palliative Care

¥ 1,764,61
The International Hospice Institute, which is planning a training program for Asian students in palliative care for the terminally ill, was able with Asia Center support to hold consultations with specialists and institutions in 10 Asian countries, and to carry out teaching workshops in Australia, China, Hong Kong, and Thailand. In addition, text materials on palliative care were translated from English to Chinese.


Research Institute for Asia and the Pacific (RIAP), University of Sydney (Australia)
Trends in Asian Studies in Australi

¥ 4,224,330
RIAP used an Asia Center grant to investigate the teaching and research capacity in Asian studies among specialist centers and social science departments in Australia's higher education sector. The findings were published as a book, Asian Studies in Australia's Higher Education Sector, by R. Kersten, et al. (Sydney, 1996).


Institute of Sociology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (China)
6th International Conference on Asian Sociology

¥ 1,500,000
The Institute used Asia Center funds to conduct a conference to discuss themes related to Asian sociology in the 21st century, including economic growth and social changes in the Asian region, newly emerged regional alliances, traditional culture and social transfiguration, and economic development and the environment.
Center for East Asian Cultural Studies for UNESCO, The Toyo Bunko (Japan)


Center for East Asian Cultural Studies for UNESCO, The Toyo Bunko (Japan)
Creating a Computer-based Asian Studies Information Network for Internet Users

¥ 4,007,000
With the cooperation of other Asian studies research institutes in Japan and elsewhere, the Center aimed at building an information-sharing network among institutions; a current focus is the promotion of the exchange of information using the Internet. With this Asia Center grant, an Internet WebSite was created to facilitate such exchange and a multilingual database of books on Middle Eastern, Islamic, and Central Asian studies was also produced.


Committee for Research on the Asia-Pacific Region (Japan)
Using the Internet to Promote Collaborative Research

¥ 1,494,000
The Committee compiled a directory on the Internet of researchers and research topics. The aim was to promote collaborative research in the Asia-Pacific region and to facilitate research using the Internet with the hope that this new mode of research will encourage discussion among young researchers in the fields of politics, international affairs, and history.


Committee on TV Coverage on the 50th Anniversary of the End of World War II (Japan)
TV Coverage on the 50th Anniversary of the End of World War II

¥ 2,277,000
In this collaborative research project researchers from Germany, Japan, Korea, U.K. and U.S.A surveyed and analyzed public opinion based on the contents of television news coverage and other TV programs aired on the 50th anniversary of the end of World War II in the 26 countries world-wide that were involved in the war.


Executive Committee, International Symposium on the Sino-Japanese War in 1894-95 (Japan)
The Sino-Japanese War in 1894-95

¥ 1,000,000
An international symposium was held to commemorate the centennial of the Sino-Japanese War with the aim of identifying the impact of the war on East Asia. About 40 researchers from China, Korea, Mongolia, Russia, Taiwan, U.K., and U.S.A. attended.


Executive Committee, Japan-Korean Literary Symposium (Japan)
Japanese and Korean Literature

¥ 7,000,000
A symposium held in Shimane prefecture gathered literary experts, critics, and researchers from Japan and Korea to discuss the topic "Japan and Korea: Literature Today" and the problems being faced by and the future prospects of literature in both countries.


Institute of Oriental Culture, Tokyo University (Japan)
Asia in the 21st Century: Toward a New Framework of Asian Studies

¥ 3,000,000
The grantee invited international pacesetters in the field of Asian studies from China, India, Korea, Malaysia, and other Asian countries to a symposium in Japan to discuss the future orientation of Asian studies and other regional studies and to form a network among the participants.


International Research Center for Japanese Studies (Japan)
Leaders of Modernization in East Asia

¥ 2,132,000
An international symposium was held in Beijing on identifying the leaders of modernization in China and Japan and exploring the meaning of modernization. Participants from Tokyo University, Waseda University, Beijing University and the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences took part.


Japan Association for Middle East Studies (Japan)
Japan-China Forum on Islamic Studies

¥ 1,536,700
Researchers on Islamic studies from Japan and China gathered to promote Islamic studies in China. Participants presented their research results and exchanged views on the themes of "Chinese Islam" and "Middle Eastern Islam." The participants from China are associated with the Institute of West Asian and African Studies within the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.


Japan Association of International Relations (Japan)
Globalism, Regionalism and Nationalism: Asia in Search of its Role in the 21st Century

¥ 4,900,000
Japanese researchers undertook a study tour to other Asian countries in preparation for a first international political science conference to be held in Japan in September 1996. Topics of discussion included specific plans for future dialogue and the impact of the end of the Cold War on Asian countries.


Japan-Australia-New Zealand Society (Japan)
Study Tour of Asia-Pacific to Plan Future Academic Dialogue

¥ 4,900,000
A study tour by a team comprising Japanese researchers, administrative officials, and United Nations University staff was undertaken to Asia-Pacific countries to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the Japan-Australia treaty of friendship and cooperation. The survey team also carried out local workshops to determine specific plans for future academic dialogues.


Japan China Medical Communication (Japan)
Oriental Medical Science and Cultural and Medical Exchanges between Japan and China

¥ 2,300,000
Traditional Oriental medicine has recently attracted great public interest. This grant supported a lecture series that focused on its ideological and philosophical aspects. Cultural and medical exchanges between both countries were also carried out using Asia Center grant funds.


Japan Institute of International Affairs (Japan)
Asia and Islam

¥ 10,013,000
An international symposium was held to examine the role that Islam has played in national development and economic growth within Asia. The event was jointly organized with the Institute of Islamic Understanding in Malaysia. Discussion focused on relations between Islam and the state in the modern period, Islam and economic development, and Islam and Asian culture. Twenty-four overseas participants from Egypt, France, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Jordan, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Turkey, U.K., U.S.A. and Uzbekistan attended.


Japanese Association of Sociology of Law (Japan)
1995 Annual Meeting of the International Sociological Association: Research Committee on Sociology of Law

¥ 1,000,000
This meeting was held to clarify the interplay between the resistance to and adaptation of modern Western legal systems within the legal culture of Japan and other Asian countries. Participants came from all over the world including Asia-Pacific region, Europe, North and South America and Africa to discuss such topics as "Comparative Consideration on Japanese Law," and "Law and Modernization" in the frame of the main theme "Legal Culture: Encounter and Transfiguration."


National Center for Science Information Systems (NACSIS) (Japan)
Exchange of Information on the "Information Super Highway" in Asia

¥ 4,006,000
The project surveyed and analyzed the expanding distribution of scientific and technical information between other Asian countries and Japan through interconnected computer networks. As a first step, NACSIS conducted research on the need for information about Thailand within Japan and the need for information about Japan in Thailand.


National Center for Science Information Systems (NACSIS) (Japan)
Strengthening the Supply of Academic Information in Japan and Thailand

¥ 3,311,000
A collaborative research project was carried out by NACSIS and Thammasat and Chulalongkorn universities in Thailand on how to utilize the latest computer technology to provide information on Asian studies-including Japanese studies-to researchers in Thailand.


Organizing Committee, Asian Women's History International Symposium (Japan)
Asian Women's History

¥ 1,000,000
This symposium considered the lifestyles and histories of Asian women from a comparative perspective, using examples from China, India, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan. The Organizing Committee cooperated with institutions from the Asian region, U.S.A. and U.K. The symposium addressed such topics as "Industrialization and Women," "Politics and Women," "Ideology, Religion, and Women," and "Paternalism and Women."


Research Institute for Oriental Cultures, Gakushuin University (Japan)
Asian Traditions of Rice Cultivation

¥ 2,500,000
The Institute held a symposium to which they invited researchers from China, Japan, and Korea to explore the origins and propagation routes of rice cultivation and to consider, from the perspective of comparative folklore, the ideal stance of a composite culture regarding rice cultivation in East Asia. The meeting was held in preparation for the establishment of an East Asian Academy of Comparative Folklore.


Teleclass International Japan (Japan)
2nd Student APEC Teleclass Conference: Asia

¥ 1,000,000
This project introduced teleconferencing using the latest telecommunications technology (simultaneous multi-location connection via the international Integrated Service Digital Network) among high school students from Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand. The students introduced their lives to one another and carried on a discussion in English.


Toyota Foundation (Japan)
Prospects for International Cooperation among Asian Foundations

¥ 7,051,120
A survey was carried out by representatives of several Japanese non-profit foundations and organizations to investigate the present state of local and international philanthropy in Asian countries, especially focusing on operating and grant-making foundations that are carrying out activities with an international scope. The survey mission teams visited 10 countries in Asia, including China, the ASEAN member countries, India, Korea, and Taiwan, to meet with and interview their counterparts there. The survey teams also explored possibilities for international cooperation among foundations in the Asia region.


University Research Center, Nihon University (Japan)
East Asian Conference on Bioethics

¥ 1,844,000
With support from the Asia Center, an international conference in Beijing was held at which bioethicists and specialists in a wide range of fields including philosophy, education, medicine, biotechnology, law, and health maintenance from Asian countries, Australia, Europe and U.S.A. explored the implications of bioethics that are rooted in Asian manners, customs, and values. This conference was organized jointly with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and the Chinese Medical Association.


University of Malaya (Malaysia)
Dialogue of Civilizations Seminar Series

¥ 3,932,763
In view of the post-Cold War revival of interest in non-Western civilizations (e.g., the Buddhist, Confucian, Hindu, Islamic and Japanese traditions in Asia) and their inter-relations with each other and with the West, this seminar series sought to evaluate the future prospects for inter-cultural coexistence. Researchers from Bosnia, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, and U.S.A. took part in an international seminar entitled "Japan, Islam and the West," as part of that series.


University of Malaya (Malaysia)
3rd Model Asia-Pacific Conference

¥ 951,459
This grant supported an international conference in Kuala Lumpur that simulated the format of the United Nations with participation by students from 18 Asia-Pacific and other countries to discuss important economic, political, and environmental issues in the Asia-Pacific region. Themes discussed included "New World Order," "East Asia Economic Conference," "Nuclear Weapons," and "Southeast Asia as a Center of Economic Growth." The exercise aimed to foster multilateral ties among Asia-Pacific countries through friendship, understanding and mutual respect.


Universities' Historical Research Center, Yangon University (Myanmar)
Myanmar's Traditions in Current Perspective

¥ 1,238,804
Myanmar's Traditions in Current Perspective ¥1,238,804
This grant enabled the Center to hold a series of seminars that dealt with the challenges of preserving Myanmar's cultural traditions in the face of rapid social transformations. Scholars from Japan, several Southeast Asian countries, and U.K. also discussed the current state of Myanmar (Burmese) studies.


Yuchengco Institute of Philippines-Japan Relations, De La Salle University (Philippines)
Transformation in Southeast Asia in the Past 50 Years: Its Influence on Philippines-Japan Cultural Relations

¥ 3,962,856
Researchers from Philippines and Japan used an Asia Center grant to look at the impact of changes in Southeast Asia after the World War II on Philippine-Japanese cultural relations. The research involved a literature survey as well as interviews with diplomats, economic leaders and intellectuals in both countries.


Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University (Thailand)
Thai-Burma Studies

¥ 3,722,707
The Thai Studies Department at Chulalongkorn held an academic forum and carried out a training program for students in the department, and for college teachers, academic researchers and the general public with the aim of increasing understanding of Myanmar and especially of its historical relations with Thailand. The grant also supported graduate-student research and provided subsidies for publications. Leading scholars were invited from Japan, Myanmar, and Thailand to take part in the project.


Association for Asian Studies (U.S.A.)
Promoting Asian Studies in Asia

¥ 3,871,588
An Asia Center grant enabled 17 Asian scholars to attend the 48th Annual Meeting of the Association for Asian Studies in Honolulu, Hawaii. They participated in three conference activities that aimed to develop communications among Asian studies scholars in Asia: a double panel on "Directions and Priorities in Research on Southeast Asia," a panel on "From Americanization to Japanization in East Asia," and an organizing meeting on developing a scholarly network for Asian studies in Asia.

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