Activity Report (1995) Part 2 - II. Addressing Common Problems Requiring International Cooperation

Australia-Japan Research Centre, Australian National University (Australia)
China and the World Trade Organization: Issues and Impacts on China and the East Asian and Pacific Economies

¥ 3,941,280
The International Hospice Institute, which is planning a training program for Asian students in palliative care for the terminally ill, was able with Asia Center support to hold consultations with specialists and institutions in 10 Asian countries, and to carry out teaching workshops in Australia, China, Hong Kong, and Thailand. In addition, text materials on palliative care were translated from English to Chinese.

Centre for Asian Studies, University of Adelaide (Australia)
Economic Change, Political Pluralism and Democratic Reform in the Asian Region

¥ 2,900,907
At this symposium researchers from Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan and Korea presented research findings on the general topic of the relationship between economic reform and democratization in Asian countries. Many of the papers were later published as journal articles. In addition, funds from the grant allowed the Centre's director to visit China, India, Indonesia, Nepal, and Singapore to further discuss that topic among academics and scholars, and to give a series of lectures.

Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences(China)
Development and Impact of APEC: The Relations and Roles of Japan, China and ASEAN

¥ 1,670,169
In cooperation with the Institute of Developing Economics in Japan, the grantee carried out research on the economic situation in the Asia-Pacific area focusing especially on progress toward trade and investment liberalization made since the APEC Conference in Osaka. The project resulted in a published report and policy recommendations on the future roles to be played by Japan, China and the ASEAN countries in economic cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region.

Institute of Trade and Finance Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (China)
Impact of Hong Kong on Asian Economic Structure after 1997

¥ 2,019,315
This project focused on international comparisons between Hong Kong and other major Asian international financial centers. Researchers from the Institute, together with collaborators from Hitotsubashi University and Chinese University of Hong Kong, also studied the impact of the return of Hong Kong to China and its significance for policy-makers both in China and elsewhere.

Liaoning Academy of Social Science (China)
Cooperation within the Northeast Asian Region and Evolution of the Korean Peninsula

¥ 2,000,000
Experts from China, Korea, Japan, Russia and U.S.A. came together in a symposium that aimed to deepen mutual political understanding and economic cooperation among their countries. The symposium looked particularly at the current situation of the Korean peninsula and its implication for future relations in Northeast Asia.

Asia-Pacific Human Rights Information Center (HURIGHTS Osaka) (Japan)
Regional Initiative on the U.N. Decade for Human Rights Education with a Focus on Harmonizing Asia's Cultural Values and Human Rights

¥ 2,134,080
HURIGHTS Osaka undertook an investigation on the status of human rights and human rights education programs in India, Korea, Malaysia, Nepal, Philippines, and Thailand. The grant also allowed them to participate in human rights conferences held in Korea and Nepal, where policy agendas were produced.

Association of Medical Doctors of Asia (AMDA) (Japan)
Asia Pacific Relief Organization Forum

¥ 3,000,000
AMDA organized a forum attended by representatives of non-governmental organizations from 22 countries in the Asia-Pacific region to discuss emergency disaster relief systems with the aim of establishing a disaster relief network within Asia.

Center for Area Study, Keio University (Japan)
Effects of the Urban Environment on Health: Economic Research and Environmental Improvement Plan in Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China

¥ 4,400,000
Researchers from Keio University, the China Medical University in Shenyang, and other institutions carried out a joint research project to assess the impact of environmental pollution on the health of Shenyang's residents. The study included analysis and investigation of industrial and environmental pollution, and policy recommendations for an environmental improvement plan.

Forum for Democratic Asia (Japan)
Reform for a Democratic Asia

¥ 8,000,000
The subject of this research project, which also involved a public symposium at which researchers and young politicians from Japan, Korea and Taiwan met, was reform of election systems and security pacts. The research and discussion results have since been published in book form.

Japan Association for the Study of Japan-China Relations (Japan)
Prospects for Japan-China Relations and Peace and Development in Asia-
Pacific Area

¥ 3,000,000
On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the end of World War II, a symposium was held that reviewed the history of Japan-China relations and identified several problem areas. The meeting sought prospects for peaceful development within Asia on the basis of the historical relationships between Japan and its neighboring Asian countries. Participants came from China, Korea, and Japan.(Japan)

Japan-China Educational Exchange Association (Japan)
School Administration and Finance in Japan and China

¥ 994,000
This symposium gathered experts on education in Japan and China to discuss such themes as "Basic Education and Vocational Training" and "Basic Education and Non-Formal Education," and other educational issues faced by both countries.

Japanese Organizing Committee, Japan-China Cooperative Symposium on Environmental Education (Japan)
Japan-China Cooperative Symposium on Environmental Education

¥ 2,150,000
This project combined a symposium in Beijing on environmental education with site visits. The focus was on environmental preservation and education; participants included educators, administrative officers, researchers, and representatives of environment-related organizations in China and Japan.

NGO Forum on APEC (Japan)
International NGO Symposium and Forum on APEC

¥ 4,003,000
This international symposium gathered staff of non-governmental organizations and academic researchers from the APEC region to reflect on issues of social development, environmental preservation, human rights, labor rights, and gender discrimination in conjunction with the 1995 APEC meeting. Their discussions centered on the impact on communities and ordinary citizens that is caused by liberalization of trade and investment.

Research Group on Japan's Sustainability (Japan)
Effect of Japanese Economic Activities on Natural Resources and the Environment in Asia

¥ 2,536,000
Researchers from NGOs in Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand used funds from the Asia Center to examine the impact of Japan's economic activities within the Asian region on food crops, water resources, energy, and lifestyles.

Shinkoso Forum Policy Innovation (Japan)
Asia Pan-Pacific Forum for Japan-China

¥ 2,300,000
This forum, held in Tokyo in collaboration with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, invited experts in the fields of politics, economics and culture to explore the theme "Future Prospects of China-Japan Relations on the 50th Anniversary of the End of World War II. "

Shinkoso Forum Policy Innovation(Japan)
Pursuit of Paradigms in the Asia-Pacific Region in the 21st Century

¥ 6,754,000
Asian leaders in the fields of politics, economics, and public administration from China, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines and U.S.A. were invited to a symposium where the position and the role of Japan in the 21st century were discussed.

Graduate School of International Studies, Korea University (Korea)
Korea, Japan, China in the 21st Century: Towards World Peace and Prosperity

¥ 3,000,000
A series of two seminars was held involving academics from China, Japan, Korea and U.S.A. to explore how Northeast Asian countries can contribute to world peace and prosperity. The two meetings discussed the political, economic, social, and cultural dimensions of intra-and inter-regional cooperation with the themes of "Interdependence and Regional Cooperation within Northeast Asian Countries" and "Democratization and Capitalism in Northeast Asia."

Institute of Japanese Studies, Hallym Academy of Sciences, Hallym University (Korea)
Peace in East Asia and Japan-Korea Cooperation: Toward the 21st Century

¥ 2,000,000
This symposium, held on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the end of World War II, gathered politicians, journalists, writers, researchers and other experts from Korea and Japan to discuss economics, politics and culture and to consider future systems of cooperation between Korea and Japan.

Korea Society for East Asian Studies (Korea)
International Forum on Marine Metropolises in East Asia

¥ 2,000,000
Through this Asia Center-supported project experts from China, Japan, Korea, Russia and Singapore met in a conference to investigate the prospects of forming a Northeast Asian marine economic sphere, with the ultimate aim of building a cooperative network among "marine metropolises" in East Asia.

21st Century International Center, Pusan Development Institute (Korea)
Regional Think Tanks in Asia: Linking and Cooperation among Think Tanks in East Asia

¥ 2,712,000
With the aim of discussing common issues faced by cities in East Asia, an international conference was convened among representatives of think tanks in China, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Taiwan and other parts of Asia. The participants conferred about such topics as "Globalization and the Roles Played by Local Think Tanks" and "Methods of Research Cooperation in East Asia that Take into Account Regional Characteristics."

Malaysian Association for American Studies (Malaysia)
North America and the Asia-Pacific Towards the 21st Century: Facing the Challenges of Promoting Cooperative Security and Prosperity

¥ 820,284
This two-day conference brought together diplomats, political scientists, strategic analysts, journalists, businessmen, government officials, and military personnel to review the relations between U.S.A. and the Asia-Pacific region at the end of the 20th century. Among major themes addressed in separate panels were: social, cultural, political, and strategic dimensions of interaction; the role of U.S.A.-Japan-ASEAN trilateral relations; emerging economic and trade trends; and the rise of new institutions and actors.

Malaysian Strategic Research Centre (Malaysia)
Perspectives of the International Security Framework in the 21st Century: Global and Regional

¥ 4,845,960
The Malaysian Strategic Research Centre and the Japan Forum on International Relations cooperatively organized this public dialogue among security experts from Bangladesh, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines and Singapore specifically to narrow the perceived gap of perception and understanding between Southeast Asians and Northeast Asians on issues of regional security.

School of Foreign Service, National University of Mongolia (Mongolia)
New World Order in the Post-Cold War Era in Asia

¥ 1,050,112
At this international symposium, scholars and diplomats from Austria, China, Japan, Netherlands, Russia, and U.S.A. considered the effects of new international relations in the post-Cold War era on the situation of Mongolia. Nine papers were presented on such topics as the prospects of regional economic cooperation in Northeast Asia, Mongolia's foreign policy, and Mongolia's relations with its neighbors.

New Zealand Asia Institute, University of Auckland (New Zealand)
Human Rights and Migration: Aotearoa-Asia Mutual Understanding

¥ 2,141,923
A three-day "policy consultation" that involved local community leaders, policy makers, and academics from several Asia-Pacific countries provided a forum for the discussion of policy issues related to human rights, sovereignty, and migration. The consultation facilitated communication among policy-makers in New Zealand and Asia and provided input for long-term policy formation. An ad hoc policy group has been formed to ensure that recommendations from the consultation are followed up.

Philippine Institute of Alternative Futures (PIAF) (Philippines)
Cooperation for Regional Sustainability

¥ 3,757,729
PIAF used an Asia Center grant on behalf of a group of National Councils for Sustainable Development in the Asia-Pacific region to organize a regional secretariat, to survey the national councils, and to undertake a study on the state of the regional environment in the region preparatory to a conference and workshop in late 1996. In addition, the grant helped to support the initial publication of a quarterly newsletter for the national councils. All of these activities grew out of the U.N. Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.

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