Activity Report (1999) Part 2 II. Addressing Common Problems Requiring International

Center for Environment and Development (Korea)
Search for Cooperation Strategies for Energy Demand Management in Northeast Asia

¥ 2,314,200
Korea, Japan and China have collaborated on the effective demand-side management of energy that will achieve both environmental conservation and economic growth at the same time. Researchers of universities, civil groups and government organizations of the three countries held workshops on a number of topics, including the establishment of a data base and system for demand management, civil education of the management, participation from the private sector, and international cooperation in Northeast Asia. The outcome of the sessions has been compiled into a book.

Institute for North East Asian Studies (Korea)
Study of an Action Plan towards the Japan-Korea Partnership in the 21st Century: for a Collaborative Network in East Asia

¥ 2,180,208
This study is a joint research project set up by the Institute and counterpart organizations in Japan and China, following the Japan-Korea Joint Declaration and the Action Plans announced on the occasion of the visit of then President Kim Dae-jung to Japan in October 1998. Aiming to establish a framework for multilateral cooperation in the Northeast, the joint research team assessed the need for and possibility of regional cooperation and unification. Representatives from the three countries discussed practical strategies for activating the Japan-Korea relationship as well as multilateral cooperation in the Northeast.

Sejong Institute (Korea)
Northeast Asian Powers and North Korea: Toward Building a New Relationship for Peace

¥ 2,458,672
This joint research and seminar project among Japan, China and Korea seeks ways of improving the relationship between North Korea and its Northeast Asian neighbors, in the hope that a new international peace order will ultimately be formed in the region. Based on the research, "Northeast Asia Peace Forum" was held at which participants from the three countries earned understanding and common awareness on Northeast Asia's peace issues, especially by making clear the standpoints and policies toward North Korea of each of the four countries of Japan, China, USA and Russia.

Asian Regional Exchange for a New Alternative (ARENA) (Hong Kong, China)
Re-imagining Asia: Movements, Alliances, and Alternatives for the New Millennium
March 25 - 27, 2000, Colombo, Sri Lanka

¥ 2,536,800
This workshop was envisaged to redefine human security in the Asian region by bringing together scholars and practitioners from various disciplines. Attracting 81 participants from Asia's 17 countries in total, the three-day program offered case studies on alternative practices in different parts of South Asia, together with panel discussions on militarization and human security, food security, environmental security, governance, alternative financial security, and gender and cultural perspectives.

Fudan University International Institute of Business & Technology (China)
Sino-Japan Conference on Environmental Protection Strategies
November 6, 1999, Shanghai, China

¥ 1,367,431
The Chinese government's policy to prioritize economic development has resulted in critical water and air pollution in the country. This problem led researchers in Japan and China to jointly hold a symposium to assess the current status of environmental pollution in China and to discuss how to solve the problems. Referring to some successful cases that Japan has experienced to deal with its own domestic pollution issues, the participants discussed such topics as acid rain in China, and contamination caused by carbon dioxide and hormone-disrupting chemicals. In addition to the researchers and scholars from both countries, the symposium was attended by administrative representatives of the central government of China, Shanghai and Chongqing city, and from Japan by administrative officers, representatives from environment industries and environmental activists.

Global Village of Beijing (GVB) (China)
World Pilgrimage - Tour of Japanese Environmental Protection
March 21- 31, 2000, Tokyo, Osaka et al., Japan

¥ 1,985,772
The objective of this tour project was to conduct research on environmental protection efforts in Japan for the TV program, " Environmental Protection in Japan," to provide Chinese viewers, who have experienced serious environmental problems as a direct result of rapid economic development, with foreign experience and information on the subject. GVB staff members visited four cities in Japan and met foundations, government institutions, NGOs, private companies, elementary schools, recycling centers and museums to gather information on the current state of Japanese environmental NGOs and environmental education, the history of preventing air and water pollution in Japan and so forth. In total, 660 minutes of footage was filmed and edited into a 60-minute series which is expected to serve as a study tool for NGO staff members, community leaders and college students in China.

Hong Kong Institute of Education (HKIEd) (Hong Kong, China)
Asian Consortium for Citizenship in Schools (ACCES)
December 13 and 15, 1999, Bangkok, Thailand

¥ 1,422,900
This was the 2nd phase of the ACCES workshop/conference project to enhance the development of citizenship education in the Asia-Pacific region. This time, the consortium members from Asia, USA and Australia met in Bangkok to share information about ongoing projects on civic education, and to discuss plans for future collaborative projects. The meeting was followed by an open symposium and a workshop entitled "The Citizen of the New Century: Perspectives from the Asia-Pacific Region" which attracted over 100 participants including educators and policy makers.

Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies (IAPS), Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) (China)
Impact of the Asian Financial Crisis on Inter-regional Trade and FDI in East Asia.

¥ 1,557,000
This international joint study focused on the following three aspects: 1) how the Asian financial crisis changed the trends and patterns of trade and investment in East Asia, 2) future flow of intra-regional trade and impact of foreign direct investment (FDI), and 3) regional economic development. The institute worked in collaboration with its counterparts from Japan, Korea, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore.

Research Center for Contemporary China (RCCC), Beijing University (China)
Environmental Politics in a High-growth State: Elite Awareness and Generation
Change in China

¥ 2,058,693
This was the last phase of the three-year project to determine the nature of the elite's concerns about environmental protection. With government officials and researchers participating, a number of workshops were conducted to analyze the research data collected during the past two years, and to draw up a comprehensive report. The final findings are expected to contribute to the environmental policies in China and further study on the subject.

Asian Bioethics Association (ABA) (Japan)
Seminar on "Global Bioethics from the Asian Perspective"
November 24 - 25, 1999, Tokyo, Japan

¥ 2,086,800
This international seminar sought new bioethics compatible with the ethics and thoughts unique to Asia, taking into consideration ethnical and ideological diversity in the region. Researchers from 13 countries, mainly from the Asian region, discussed a wide range of subjects, including the environment, population and health care, to explore the suitability of specific strategies.
The report of the seminar was issued and distributed to the relevant government sections and organizations concerned in each country. It is expected that the seminar will lead to further dialogue and policy proposals in the relevant countries.

Committee for Promoting the 3rd Workshop on Intercity Networks in the Asia-Pacific Region (Japan)
3rd Workshop on Intercity Networks in the Asia-Pacific Region
September 1 - 4, 1999, Osaka, Japan

¥ 1,987,000
The objective of this workshop was to create intercity networks of city planners and policy practitioners in the Asia-Pacific region. Aiming to establish long-term cooperation and exchange, a workshop entitled "Local Impacts and Responses to the Economic Crisis in the Asia-Pacific Region" was held, together with the open symposium, "Cities Go beyond the Nation?: A Perspective on Intercity Networks in the Asian Region." The symposium was attended by former Okinawa prefectural governor Mr.Masahide Ota, who gave one of the keynote lectures prior to panel discussions.

East Asian General Institute (Japan)
4th East Asian International Symposium
July 24 - 28, 1999, Ulan Bator, Mongolia

¥ 1,999,300
While Northeast Asia enjoys abundant natural resources, huge markets, rich labor power, and advanced technology, its intra-regional economic cooperation has not progressed, due to such factors as an inadequate system for balancing the interests of the countries and regions in the zone. To address this problem, an international symposium was held for researchers, scholars, businesspeople and intellectuals in Northeast Asia to discuss the formation of an economic cooperation network in the region. Discussions focused on such issues as an inadequate transport and communication infrastructure, lack of development funds, and environmental problems. The symposium had about 150 participants, mainly from Japan and Korea, as well as China, Mongolia, and USA, and they unanimously pointed out the need for an information network among the private sector and the significance of economic cooperation in Northeast Asia, placing emphasis on the development of the Tumen river area.

Japanese Organizing Committee for the Japan-China Cooperative Symposium on Environmental Education (Japan)
Japan-China Symposium on Environmental Education

¥ 1,577,200
This project was designed for educators in China to promote and practice participatory environmental education which gives students an opportunity to learn about various environmental issues through hands-on experience. Workshops, targeting principals and teachers at kindergarten, elementary, junior high and high schools, were held in Wuhan, Beijing, Haidian and Xuan Wu, fielding over 200 participants in total. Based on the outcome of the training sessions, the handbook Guide to Environmental Education (in Chinese) was published. This book is expected to help similar training to be carried out on wider scale in the future.

Japan Ecology Foundation (Japan)
Japan-Mongolia Project for Environmental Study
September 17 - 18, 1999, Ulan Bator, Mongolia

¥ 1,522,400
This joint project was carried out by Japanese researchers and four universities in Mongolia to promote environment study and to nurture human resources for environmental education. Participants were researchers, foundation workers, officers of the Ministry of Natural Environment in Mongolia and college students. A two-day symposium was held with the aim of establishing an educational infrastructure in Mongolia to bring up engineers on environmental observation and educators on environmental issues. In addition, a plan was discussed to publish a textbook on environmental chemistry for use by universities in Mongolia.

Keio Research Institute of SFC (Japan)
Workshop on Capacity Building of Asia's Mid-career Professionals for Sustainable Development
October 2 - 8, 1999, Denpassar, Indonesia

¥ 1,930,172
This program was started to train and educate young leaders of the next generation from such sectors as academia, business, central and local governments, media and NGOs who are conscious of eco-friendly and fair development in each field. Attracting over 40 professionals from Indonesia, Japan and Pakistan, the member countries of LEAD (Leadership for Environment and Development), the workshop started with a three-day training module to facilitate mutual understanding of team building, system thinking, and sustainable development. The training then entered a four-day series of seminar sessions during which discussion was focused on Asia's economic crisis and recovery, and the impact on the environment. A website carrying the results of the workshop was set up.

Kitakyushu International Techno-cooperative Association (Japan)
Inter-NGO Seminar on Sustainable Development & Citizen Participation in Kitakyushu, Japan
October 2 - 4, 1999, Kitakyushu, Japan

¥ 1,865,000
Main objective of this project was to promote a local awareness of environmental issues in Asian countries. About ten NGO representatives participating from Thailand, Philippines and Indonesia presented reports on environmentally friendly actions taken by each country at the local level. In conjunction with the seminar, a study tour of Kitakyushu city was conducted to introduce its approach to eco-friendly city planning or "eco-town" which is recycle-based. The participants also experienced an actual river clean-up exercise and waste recycling activities with local NGOs.

Waseda Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies (Japan)
Structure and Movement of Japan-Southeast Relations after WWII

¥ 2,221,000
This was the last phase of a three-year project to comprehensively analyze the structure and dynamism of the relations between Japan and Southeast Asia in the post-World War II era from an academic and policy-study approach. During this phase, the chronological table of Japan-Southeast Asian history was finalized and an international symposium was held for research participants from Japan, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines and Viet Nam to present the results of the three-year endeavor. The chronological table and the papers presented at the symposium are to be published in the future.

Asian Institute of Management (AIM) (Philippines)
Asian Managerial Skills Development

¥ 1,294,797
A feasibility study was conducted in the previous year in Laos and Viet Nam, the countries that are being transformed into an open-market economy, with a view to launching in both countries a master program on development management. However, the study found that short-term programs, rather than graduate courses, would be more appropriate to the countries. This year, based on this finding and as an important step to setting up the short-term courses, interviews and preliminary meetings were conducted in the countries to explore how human resource management and business management appropriate and suitable to the Asian society and culture should be developed.

Environmental Broadcast Circle of the Philippines (EBC) (Philippines)
Promoting Asia-Pacific Media Collaboration: Facing the Challenges of Environmental, Social and Cultural Survival in a New Millennium
October 25 - 29, 1999, Manila, Philippines

¥ 2,672,471
EBC collaborated with the International Television Trust for the Environment in holding the 3rd regional workshop of the Asia-Pacific Video Resource Centre Network, entitled "Promoting Asia-Pacific Media Collaboration." The theme reflects the participating organizations' shared goal to raise public awareness of social and cultural issues (e.g., environment, development, health and human rights) by utilizing the power of audio and visual media. The workshop attracted media personnel and NGOs from the Asia-Pacific region, as well as from Latin America.

Philippine Business for Social Progress (PBSP) (Philippines)
Workshop on Financial Sustainability: Innovative Endowment Building and Investment
September 20, 1999, Manila, Philippines

¥ 1,220,550
In partnership with the Synergos Institute and the Asia-Pacific Philanthropy Consortium, PBSP invited representatives of grant-making foundations and other NGOs from Southeast Asia, South America and South Africa to a workshop focusing on effective endowment building and investment, which are key strategies to assure the sustainability of the organizations. The sessions tackled the following issues and topics: "Endowment Fund Within the Context of Development Work," "Strategies for Creating an Endowment," "Major Challenge in Building an Endowment," "Investing the Endowment," "Major Challenges in Investing an Endowment," and "Lessons Learned in Building and Investing the Endowment." The result of the workshop have been published and are expected to contribute to NPO's and NGOs' fundraising activities.

U.P. Planning and Development Research Foundation, Inc. (UP PLANADES) (Philippines)
Study of Patterns of Community Formation among Coastal Dwellers in Mindanao:Towards Formulating Strategies for Sustainable Environments

¥ 2,864,422
The latter phase of the two-year interdisciplinary study project on the coastal dwellers in Mindanao took a different approach from that in phase one by looking more closely at the Samal groups of Taluksangay, a coastal barangay in Zamboanga city, who are forced into transformation as a result of development. Researchers from Japan and the Philippines worked together on this ethnological study, focusing on cultural elements that bond the community together, especially the characteristics of folk Islam, people's perception toward the interrelationship between their culture and environment, existing livelihood practices toward the environment. A report on the study has been published to complete the project.

Center for Natural Resources and Environmental Studies (CRES), Viet Nam National University (Viet Nam)
Project to Encourage Research by Younger Vietnamese Scholars on Culture and Environment in Vietnam
June 21- July 21, 1999, Hanoi, Viet Nam

¥ 3,190,083
This was the last phase of the three-year joint project run by CRES and the East-West Center, Hawaii to offer young scholars and government officials an opportunity to study the interrelationship between development, cultures of ethnic minority groups and the environment. With "The Human Dimensions of Upland Development" as the main theme, the workshop offered 31 participants three main courses: English-language training, lectures, and research proposal writing. The lecture series covered such topics as the environment and development, population, ethnic groups, cultural identity, indigenous knowledge, human ecology, and gender and family.

National Association of Vietnamese Gardeners - VACVINA (Viet Nam)
3rd Asian Aigamo Symposium "Sustainable Agriculture: Food and Environment"
June 3 - 6, 1999, Hanoi, Viet Nam

¥ 2,021,214
The farming technique of releasing aigamo or domestic ducks in rice paddy fields, which was once widely practiced in many Asian countries, is being revived as one of the sustainable agricultural methods. The international aigamo symposium was held to contribute to sustainable development of agriculture in Asia through the traditional aigamo method, as well as to strengthen the existing network of NGOs and farmers involved in the promotion of the method. The event had about 130 participants, including agricultural specialists, government staffers, and NGO members from Japan, Korea, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, India and Viet Nam, who discussed the effective combination of traditional and state-of-the-art techniques, cooperation between farmers and scientists, and seeking to achieve food security and environmental preservation.

Asian Institute for Development Communication (AIDCOM) (Malaysia)
Regional Seminar: Media and the Ageing in Society
July 1 - 3, 1999, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

¥ 2,881,895
The population in the world today is rapidly ageing, a phenomenon which first surfaced in the developed countries but is now showing its signs in Asian countries too. Against this background, AIDCOM organized a regional seminar to call for greater social awareness of the issue, and to discuss the need for governments to address this problem with specific policies. Representatives from relevant government departments and NGOs, social workers and journalists from Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Malaysia participated in presentations, discussions and workshops with a number of themes, and drew conclusions from the three-day event. The themes included "Implication of an Ageing Population in the Asian Context," "Country Reports: Recent Developments in Providing for an Ageing Population," "Challenges for the Community, the Family and the Individual," "Government Policies for the Ageing Population," and "Media Coverage of ..he Aged and Elderly."

Universiti Sains Malaysia, Center for Policy Research (Malaysia)
International Conference on Small and Medium-size Enterprises at the New Crossroads:Challenges and Prospects
July 30 - August 1, 1999, Penang, Malaysia

¥ 705,846
The purpose of this international conference was to examine the impact of the financial crisis on small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) in East and Southeast Asia, as well as to identify various issues confronting the development of SMEs. Concerned organizations, specialists, business people, scholars and policy makers participated in the three-day meeting, and formulated propositions and action plans to be reflected in future policies on SMEs. The conference aims in the long term to stimulate a joint endeavors by organizations engaged in the development of SMEs, and eventually to establish a global SME network.

Asia-South Pacific Bureau of Adult Education Project (ASPBAE) (India)
ASPBAE Indigenous Adult Education
September 17 - 23, 1999, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia

¥ 2,433,000
The indigenous peoples in the Asia-South Pacific region initiated the idea to organize workshops on indigenous education, seeking to hand down their own culture to the next generation and to gain political rights. During the week, leadership training was offered together with study sessions on information dissemination, policy research and advocacy, network building and strategic alliances, and financial resource mobilization.

National Foundation for India (India)
South Asia Media Exchange

¥ 2,020,747
Journalists from Nepal, Bangladesh and India participated in a training project to deal with development issues common throughout the region. This project aims to facilitate a venue for the participants to learn from each other the experiences and approaches taken on development issues, to promote cooperation and mutual understanding at the grass-roots level, to learn the cultural ethos of their neighbors, and to identify issues to be tackled in the region as a whole. In this first phase, the participants wrote articles on such subjects as the environment, women, and sexual harassment based on their view-sharing and discussion, while experiencing on-the-job training at media institutes in the neighboring countries.

Pipal Tree (India)
Culture, Religious Pluralism and Conflict Resolution

¥ 1,039,290
Pipal Tree, an Indian-based NGO, held a workshop entitled "Conflict Resolution and Media" with a view to creating a regional network that will play a vital role in preventing religious conflicts. The workshop invited journalists, social activists and writers from Pakistan and Sri Lanka, and examined the media's role in conflict resolution, democratization, and de-centralization.

National Peace Council of Sri Lanka (Sri Lanka)
Study Tour of India by Sri Lankan Journalists

¥ 2,034,120
Sri Lankan newspapers, TV and radio programs convey news in three languages: Sinhalese, Tamil and/or English. One of the serious issues is that media reports made in these languages have virtually no correlation and tend to be ethnically biased. In order to deal with this problem, a group of journalists in Sri Lanka participated in a study tour to visit newspaper bureaus and TV stations in India where the participants learned how the media in India respond to and report ethnic issues and domestic conflicts. They participated in seminars given by local think tanks, journalists, scholars, and social activists, and also had an opportunity to exchange opinions with local police officers and politicians to broaden their horizons as journalists.

Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (Sri Lanka)
Residential Workshop to Address "Sources of Conflict in South Asia - Ethnicity, Governance, Environment"
April 17 - 26, 2000, Bentota, Sri Lanka

¥ 2,720,000
With 30 participants from six South Asian countries, ranging from researchers, scholars and journalists to NGO officers of the younger generation, this workshop was held to provide the attendants with the knowledge and skills necessary to understand the concepts and approaches to the conflicts in South Asia, their resolution and management. The workshop also aimed to offer a training opportunity to strengthen the attendants' skills in policy development and negotiation. The focus of the discussion was on 1) ethnicity and religion (nation-building; state, identity and ethnicity), 2) governance in plural societies and security (liberal democracy, human
rights), and 3) resources, development and environment (management of water resources, public enterprises and environmental problems). Presentations were made by referring to the case studies conducted in each country on these topics, these being followed by panel discussions with feedback from the participants.

Independent Group on South Asian Co-operation (IGSAC) (Bangladesh)
Toward a Framework of Regional Cooperation in Conservation of Biodiversity in South Asia
April 28 - 29, 2000, Dacca, Bangladesh

¥ 2,176,000
The objective of this project was to promote the study of biology, economics, and sociology in the region by questioning how to sustain the balance of biodiversity and social development in poor and populated areas, how to tap the links between cultural ethos and biodiversity, and how to build an inter-regional framework for cooperation in conserving biological diversity. During the two-day workshop, participants from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka reported their studies on domestic biodiversity. The participants ultimately adopted the Draft Agreement on the Conservation of Bio-diversity in South Asia. IGSAC plans to distribute the results of the workshop to government institutes and national libraries in the participating countries and also to submit the draft agreement to the participating governments of SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) for its adoption in a region-wide treaty.

Asia Pacific Migration Research Network (APMRN) Secretariat, Migration and Multicultural Studies Program, University of Wollongong (Australia)
APMRN: New Migrations & Ethno-Cultural Diversity in the Asia Pacific Region - Stage 3
September 23 - 26, 1999, Tokyo, Japan

¥ 2,449,000
As one of the significant effects of globalization, migration or population mobility beyond boarders in recent years has brought about various social and cultural changes to many countries, to say nothing of transformation of products and information. Acknowledging this fact, APMRN held an international conference to gain a clear understanding about the current status of migration, and its effect on nations and their cultural diversity. The conference attracted scholars, NGO staff members, UNESCO personnel and other interested organizations, and country reports were presented. APMRN also held a workshop on new trends of migration studies in Japan.

Asia Research Centre, Murdoch University (Australia)
Asian Capitalism
October 7 - 9, 1999, Perth, Australia

¥ 957,562
This is the 2nd phase of a study project to explore how capitalism has worked in the Asian region amid a wide range of "collective goods" or political and ideological frameworks. In the conference, entitled "Shaping Common Futures," participants from Japan, Korea, China, Hong Kong, Singapore, Australia, Canada and UK argued that conflicts of interest between local populations and local autonomy, and central government would not be resolved without a new frameworks and cooperation involving civil society and human resources from every layer of society. The workshop was originally to be hosted by project counterpart Yonsei University in Korea, but was instead held in Perth due to the economic crisis in Korea.

Australia-Japan Research Centre, Australian National University (Australia)
Reform and Recovery in East Asia: The Role of the State and Economic Enterprise
September 21 - 22, 1999, Canberra, Australia

¥ 1,254,000
The economic crisis in 1997 exposed serious structural weaknesses in the regional economies of the Asia-Pacific region. Against this background, a two-day international forum was held to explore the nexus between public and private modes of governance. It was attended by researchers, specialists, and policy makers from Japan, Indonesia, China, Hong Kong, Singapore, Malaysia, Taiwan, Korea, Thailand, Philippines, Australia, and New Zealand. The major issues discussed included appropriate functions of financial institutions in governance, appropriate legal regulations to be enforced, and institutional transparency to be brought about by structural reforms.

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